Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Jubilee Church celebrations

Jubilee Church celebrates its 150th anniversary this year. Located in Chewton, near to Castlemaine in the state of Victoria, Australia, it was opened on June 2 1861 at a cost of £535. For the first forty years it was the Jubilee Primitive Methodist Church. It was founded ten years after the Victorian gold rush, in a context very different from today.

In one hundred and fifty years since 1861 much has changed.

In the 1840s, emigration from England to the colonies was increasing year by year. But what started as a trickle soon became a flood with the Victorian gold rush of 1851. The discovery of gold brought significant wealth to cities like Melbourne, regional centres like Bendigo and towns like Castlemaine. The emigrants also included Primitive Methodists who wanted to bring their spiritual heritage to their new home. They came to Melbourne in 1851 and spread to regional Victoria in the decade that followed, including communities like Chewton.

Known as Ranters, the Primitive Methodists were men and women with a message. They were bold, powerful and effective. They preached boldly, speaking with authority and clearly proclaiming the gospel in public spaces.

They preached powerfully with great emotion and pathos, communicating to the heart and not just the mind. They preached effectively and the lives of many of their hearers were changed radically and often dramatically as the message of Christ took hold and became fruitful. Changed hearts led to changed lives.

Their message was a simple gospel call, “you must be born again”. These words, echoing the famous words of Jesus in his encounter with Nicodemus in John 3:3 became a catch-cry for the movement. Conversion is a radical U-turn in which people are born again of the Spirit of God, preceded by turning away from sin - repentance.

They also proclaimed a free, full and present salvation.

They preached a free salvation, in other words that we can be saved through faith as a free gift. “For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast. (Ephesians 2:8-9).

They preached a present salvation – that we can be saved now, and that the time to be saved is now. “I tell you, now is the time of God’s favor, now is the day of salvation.” (2 Corinthians 6:2).

They preached a full salvation. This was also called entire sanctification or holiness of heart. Sanctification is the process of becoming like Christ. In other words they believed that we aim for, and can reach perfection in our sanctification, as taught by John Wesley.

The Primitive Methodist missionary pioneers also believed that our life here on earth is temporary. In their terminology, life is but a “probationary existence”. We human beings are destined to face the Great Judgment where Christ will be judge of all. The apostle Paul calls this “the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed” (Romans 2:5). God’s wrath or his righteous anger will one day be revealed to us all.

Therefore they preached, boldly and courageously “flee from the wrath to come”. The pioneers believed in the reality of heaven and hell. Those who have been saved from God’s righteous anger, by the undeserved gift of God’s grace through Christ are saved to live and reign with Christ in heaven. Those who reject God’s free gift will face the consequences of God’s anger. They were clear and forthright about these eternal realities.

As a result individuals, families and communities were transformed. Those whose lives and relationships were devastated by alcohol abuse, became sober. Men who dealt with anger by getting into fist fights became men of peace. Broken families were restored, relationships renewed, and hatred was replaced by love. Those who wasted their hard-earned wages on gambling became prudent with money. Foul-mouthed cursing men and women learned to speak words of truth and grace.

In our day the religious and social landscape of Australia is very different from that of 1861.

Today we live in a very different world. The Industrial Revolution has been and gone. The rate of technological change is breath-taking. The church in the Western world is in a serious state of decline, as older congregations die off and with fewer young people replacing them. Consequently many church buildings are being sold off. There are whole generations who are largely absent from the church today.

But over the years the problems of human nature remain. Our communities are broken and in pain. Social evils such as alcohol abuse and gambling cause devastation all around. Families are breaking up under the pressures of modern living. Young people are not sure of their identity and sometimes fall into the depths of depression as a result. My identity - “Who I am” - is not determined by the number of friends on Facebook, but by what God thinks of me.

As the celebrations of the opening of Jubilee Primitive Methodist Church 150 years ago go ahead, I pray that the life changing message of the gospel of Jesus Christ may be proclaimed with fresh clarity, authority and power to a new generation of young people.

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Monday, May 30, 2011

On this day ...

... two hundred years ago a new movement emerged. One of the visible aspects of this movement was membership tickets.

In May 1811, Hugh Bourne’s Camp Meeting Methodists and the Clowesites agreed to join forces. In so doing, a new denomination was born, although they had no formal name. The printed ticket of membership was the first visible symbol of corporate life. The tickets were dated May 30, 1811 and contained the following quotation from Acts 28:22 in the King James translation:

“But we desire to hear of what thou thinkest:
for as concerning this sect,
we know that everywhere it is spoken against”

Persecution and opposition became a badge of honour for this movement, later known as Primitive Methodism.

Thursday, May 26, 2011

On this day …

… May 26, 1811, two hundred years ago, a new move of God began to take shape. It took place in Mr. Smith’s kitchen in Tunstall - the home styled pulpit is in the picture. The ripples from this movement would spread around the world in the decades to follow.

In May 1811, two separate groups, Hugh Bourne’s Camp Meeting Methodists and William Clowes’ group (the Clowesites) agreed to join forces. In so doing, a new denomination was born, although they had no formal name.
On May 26 they gathered in Mr. Smith’s kitchen, and agreed on the rudimentary organisation of the new denomination. They agreed that two itinerant preachers, James Crawfoot and William Clowes, would be maintained by the contributions of the joint societies. These travelling preachers were missionaries who went from place to place, preaching in the open-air, in public spaces, such as market places, farmers’ fields or any available location.

The new movement had a basic form of organisation. It had distinctive characteristics, namely zealous and vehement prayer with a strong evangelistic focus. They were passionate about preaching the gospel. Their methods including loud shouting and singing, open-air preaching and Camp Meetings. They inherited the Methodist structure of classes, societies, circuits and local preachers.

From such humble origins began a movement that dramatically changed lives and communities in England and well beyond.

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Tuesday, May 24, 2011

What’s in a name?

Every person has a name. Everyone has a name that they would prefer to be called by. Some of us also have names that others give to us, such as a nickname. We may or may not like the name or names people call us, but we cannot control how others refer to us.

Like people, every identifiable movement of God has a name.

The early followers of Jesus chose a name for themselves. They described themselves as followers of The Way (Acts 9:2, Acts 22:4, Acts 24:14). This is the name the believers preferred.

But the name that others gave them was first used in Antioch. Acts 11:26 says “The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch”. The word Christian means "Christ followers" or "those of the household of Christ". It is used three times in the New Testament. In Acts 26:28 ‘Agrippa said to Paul, “Do you think that in such a short time you can persuade me to be a Christian?”‘ Peter observes “However, if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name.” (1Peter 4:16) For the early believers, being known as a Christian was not easy.

The Jewish religion was legally protected by Rome. Being known as Christians meant that they risked losing that protection. They were not just a sect within Judaism. They had much in common with the Jews but they appealed to non Jews as well.

It is quite possible that the name “Christian” was a term of derision when first used, but in the providence of God it was the name that stuck.

The Primitive Methodists chose their own name on Feb 13, 1812. They decided on “The Society of the Primitive Methodists”. But like the early Christians they had another name not of their own choosing.

For the pioneer Primitive Methodists their “Antioch” was the village of Belper in Derbyshire in 1814. It was there that they were first called “Ranters”. It was definitely not a name they would have chosen for themselves.

In fact the name Ranter was most often used as a term of derision, scorn and abuse. Many a young convert experienced verbal assault as their persecutors and opponents mockingly called them a Ranter.

However, there was an upside to the name. When word got round that a Ranter preacher was coming to town, a curious and sometimes hostile crowd would gather. It meant that you could not ignore the Ranters. You were either for them or against them.

Ranter preachers often faced a barrage of eggs, rotting vegetables, mud and worse as they preached in the open air. Violence and opposition was part of the package for the early pioneers.

The name Ranter was providentially used of God.

So … what’s in a name? A great deal, but it may not be the one we would choose!

Related posts

1. Why 'Primitive' Methodism?

2. How the Primitive Methodists got their name

3. What's in a name?

4. The Ranters are coming

5. Opposing the work of God is a risky business